Be sure to check the supported adapters list for the protocol analyzer software that you intend on using to capture and analyze the traffic. And if the scanning duration is set to a large a value then there is a good chance the adapter will be on the wrong channel when the roam occurs, as well as the inability to calculate roam times between data packets on the “old” and “new” AP as discussed in part 3 of this series. Post as a guest Name. The selection of a supported wireless adapter model for use with Wireshark can be tricky. For this reason, engineers typically take one of two approaches to capture Wi-Fi traffic with Wireshark:

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However, when multiple simultaneous captures are required, separate instances of Wireshark or Tshark, the command-line version must be run.

The drawback is that the Qirpcap adapters do cost money, significantly more than standard Wi-Fi client adapters that could be used with Linux. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, ajrpcap acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies. It is worth your time to read even almost 4 years later On wireless networks, you will typically want to disable promiscuous mode since we want to capture in monitor mode instead.

Revolution Wi-Fi: Wi-Fi Roaming Analysis with Wireshark and AirPcap

Since the objective when performing roaming analysis is to capture all frames to and from the wireless client s under test, the protocol analyzer should be positioned near the client s rather than near an AP. Hi I am learning system security in an online course, in a practical experiment I tried to monitor the traffic through my router using wireshark1. Remember from part 1 that roaming analysis provides insight into how decisions made on wireless architecture, network design, client selection, and configuration impact overall network performance.


If you just want to monitor the other wireless clients, you don’t need a particular adapter as any adapter can sniff the wireless signals over the air. Since wireless frames are encoded at a variable data rate, it is common for wireless protocol analyzers to receive frames that they cannot decode since the signal strength or SNR may be too low.

This is because differences exist between operating system platforms which may prevent the ability to capture all wireless frames over the air. Just one litte annotation regarding the simultanious capturing on different channels using Backtrack: In this post, we’ll take the concepts we’ve learned in the first three articles and apply them in a live environment by performing a wireless packet capture and analyzing the roaming performance of an actual client device.

Microsoft Windows has only a single Adapter that supports raw packet injection which is the Airpcap adapter.

For this reason, engineers typically take one of two approaches to capture Wi-Fi traffic with Wireshark: Though I feel its little odd to capture or monitor the packets with out having a adapter that can airpacp in I want to know if the existing hardware in my laptop can do the xirpcap.

Performing Wi-Fi roaming analysis will enable network architects and engineers to: If the scanning duration also called dwell time is set to a small value then the adapter will likely miss frames related to the airpczp and authentication exchange because it hops away to a different channel before the roam completes. Wireshark Capture Options Start the capture from either the Interfaces or Capture Options dialogue windows and proceed to physically follow the wireless client station as it roams between access points.

wireless – Do i need to have Airpcap? – Information Security Stack Exchange

So there’s no need to use Mergecap. A display filter can be applied either during the wireless capture or after stopping the capture. Maybe some images got blocked on the corporate network today at the office, not really sure why it wasn’t rendering right there. This can be tedious and more time-consuming for everyday use. On a related note, to analyze the efficiency of wireless communications with a protocol analyzer, focus on the Wi-Fi retransmission rate rather than looking at FCS error rates since the FCS rate can be inflated simply because the aidpcap workstation is not able to successfully decode all the wireless frames that it can hear in the environment.


Newer Post Older Post Home. In the example packet capture, these include frame numbers 48, 49, and Thanks Andrew, A superb methodology.

Scanning between channels with a single adapter is not sufficient because the adapter will miss frames transmitted on alternate channels. If you want to test your wireless adapter if it supports injection or not, you can use the aireplay-ng which is part of the aircrack-ng suite of tools.

Perform Multi-Channel Packet Capture and Analysis With Eye P.A.

Use a Linux Distribution with custom Wi-Fi drivers. Anonymous April 15, at 4: Posted by Andrew von Nagy at 2: I want to collect it as client on the network and monitor the activity of the other wireless clients connected to that router. In newer versions of Wireshark you airpca; select multiple capture interfaces instead of just one. Post Your Answer Discard By clicking “Post Your Aiepcap, you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies.